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Birch Knob


Elevation: 2970 ft. (parking area), 3144 ft. (top of tower).

Birch Knob, a large rock outcrop located on the crest of Pine Mountain, sits at an elevation of 3120 feet. You’ll climb over 180 steps to the top of the observation tower, but the reward is immense. The view atop this summit is awe-inspiring on a clear day, you can see Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and a distant view of North Carolina. The woodlands at higher elevations are chiefly comprised of mature forest, composed predominantly of beech, oak, hickory, and maple trees. At lower elevations, the woods are more typical of second-growth forests with yellow poplar, sourwood, and several species of magnolias. This is a good site to find nesting neotropical migrants in the summer, such as black-throated blue and black-throated green warblers and scarlet tanager. Dark-eyed junco, typically a high elevation nester, can be abundant here as well. This is also an excellent place to look for spring and fall migratory passerines. In the fall, migration of broad-winged hawks and other raptors can be a sight to see! The anticipated hawk-watch platform will undoubtedly enhance the viewing experience of hawk migration. At about 3 miles along FR 616, stop and explore the area called Mullins Pond. This adjacent area is more open and encompasses fields of blooming wildflowers and flowering bushes. Look here for great-spangled fritillary, eastern tiger and spicebush swallowtails, eastern-tailed blue, azures, and sulphurs. In the summer, this is area can also swarm with ruby-throated hummingbirds.


From Branham Farm Wildlife Area, return to Rt. 611. Turn left and continue west 6.1 miles to FR 616. Turn right on FR 616 and proceed for 4.4 miles to Birch Knob.

Location & Directions

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Site Information

  • Site Contact: 276-679-8370,
  • Website
  • Access: Daily during season, sunrise-sunset; admission free

Seasonal Bird Observations


  • Hiking Trails
  • Lookout Tower
  • Parking