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Cumberland State Forest

Important Notices

COVID-19 & the VBWT: Be Safe While OutdoorsDWR encourages you to be safe while outdoors. Before heading out, first check with individual sites on the Virginia Bird & Wildlife Trail for any COVID-19 policies or closures. This information is typically posted on a site's own website. Remember to maintain CDC social distancing guidelines while enjoying the outdoors.


Sandwiched between SR 45 and the Cumberland/Buckingham County border, this woodland is rich in diverse habitats interconnected by a variety of trails. For those seeking a shorter, more accessible trail, the Coffey Trail is 3.2 miles long and and passes through varied terrain, including travel along Bear Creek and Arrowhead Lake. It is for foot travel only – no bikes or horses.

Additional trail options include the Cumberland Multi-Use Trail and Willis River Trail, which adjoin with the extensive trail system at Bear Creek Lake State Park. The Cumberland Multi-Use Trail is a 14-mile loop, marked by blue blazes, that weaves through the State Forest and Bear Creek Lake State Park. Trailheads are located at the Cumberland Forestry Center and Bear Creek Lake State Park. The Willis River Hiking Trail is a 16-mile loop, marked by white blazes, that follows the Willis River that borders the Forest.

While traveling through the forest, listen for the far-carrying calls of pileated woodpeckers or play hide-and-seek with the hyperactive gray squirrels that seem to hide behind every pine tree as you traverse oak-hickory forests, stands of Loblolly Pine, and harvested areas. Keep an eye on the tree lines where white-tailed deer and wild turkeys may be found quietly watching from just inside their cover. A careful ear will hear the soft rustling of brown thrashers or perhaps eastern box turtles in the leaf litter.

Great blue herons and a variety of waterfowl decorate the numerous ponds throughout the forest. Watch as pied-billed grebes surface from time to time joined by osprey that may stop by in search of a snack. Check each patch of wildflowers for red-spotted purples and black swallowtails along with numerous other butterflies.


Physical Address: 751 Oak Hill Rd., Cumberland, VA 23040

From West of Cumberland on Route 60: Turn left on Forest View Rd/ Rte 628. Travel 3 miles to the intersection of Routes 628 and 629. The entrance to the State Forest Office is directly across the road and the Coffey Trail parking lot is on the right.

From East of Cumberland on Rte 60: Turn right on Trent’s Mill Rd/ Rte 622. Travel 3 miles and make a left on Oak Hill Rd/ Rte 629. Travel 1.7 miles to the State Forest Office entrance on the right. The Coffey Trail parking area is on the right.

From the Previous Site on the Heart of the Piedmont Loop of the VBWT:

From Bear Creek Lake State Park, which is located within the confines of Cumberland State Forest, return on Rt. 666/Bear Creek Lake Road. Follow this road for 4.1 miles through the forest to Rt. 629/Oak Hill Road. Turn right on Rte 628/ Tatum Rd. to access the Coffey Trail parking area. Numerous other access roads branch off of Rt. 629 providing access to the forest.

Location & Directions

View on Google Maps

Site Information

  • Site Contact: Virginia Department of Forestry: 804-492-4121, heiserg@dof.virginia.gov
  • Website
  • Access: Free, open daily from dawn to dusk

Seasonal Bird Observations


  • Bike Trails
  • Hiking Trails
  • Parking
  • Kayak/Canoe Launch
  • Boat Ramp