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Elizabeth Furnace


Elevation: 740 ft.

The Elizabeth Furnace area provides a glimpse back in history to the early technologies of iron production. The trails around the picnic and day use area take the visitor through mixed deciduous woodlands along the banks of Passage Creek, as well as show the remains of the iron furnace from which Elizabeth Furnace gets its name. These woods are home to many woodland species. In late summer, once most birds have finished breeding, several species will group together and forage in small flocks. These flocks are often identified by the familiar sounds of characteristic species such as northern cardinal, Carolina chickadee, and tufted titmouse. However, careful inspection may reveal more atypical species of birds, including blue-gray gnatcatcher, red-eyed vireo and a variety of warblers including worm-eating, black-and-white and hooded warblers. The proximate open grassy areas near the picnic area attract indigo bunting and chipping sparrow, while red-bellied woodpeckers can often be found on dead trees along the forest’s edge.

Widow skimmers are common along Passage Creek and careful observation could produce more unusual dragon- and damselflies. The numerous wildflowers including the spectacular cardinal flower attract a diversity of butterflies. Although the large swallowtails are the most easily noted, smaller species such as eastern tailed-blue may be found with a keen eye and patience.


Physical Coordinates: 38.927906, -78.329466

From Front Royal, head west on VA-55 W/W Strasburg Rd, turn left onto SR-678/Fort Valley Rd, and the entrance is on the left in approximately 4 miles.

Location & Directions

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Site Information

  • Site Contact: (540) 984-4101,
  • Website
  • Access: Daily, sunrise-sunset; admission free

Birds Recently Seen at Elizabeth Furnace (as reported to eBird)

  • Turkey Vulture
  • Broad-winged Hawk
  • Red-bellied Woodpecker
  • Downy Woodpecker
  • Pileated Woodpecker
  • Eastern Phoebe
  • Common Raven
  • Carolina Chickadee
  • Tufted Titmouse
  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Seasonal Bird Observations


  • Bike Trails
  • Camping
  • Hiking Trails
  • Information
  • Interpretive Nature Program
  • Interpretive Trail
  • Parking
  • Picnic
  • Restrooms
  • Historical Site