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Lake Shenandoah

Important Notices for this Waterbody

Notice
Lake Shenandoah Water Level Drawdown

Updated March 11, 2020 — A flood occurred at Lake Shenandoah and during this event the emergency spillway (north side of dam) on the dam was damaged and is going to require extensive repair. The Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (DGIF) engineering staff inspected the damage and due to the severity we are required by the Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) Dam Safety to lower the lake approximately 5 feet from full pool and remain at that level until the emergency spillway is repaired. We have recently lowered the lake to stay in compliance with DCR and our engineering staff and to reduce the threat of the dam failing during a high water event.

Additional improvements to the dam are necessary to be in compliance with the Virginia Dam Safety Program. As owners of the dam, DGIF is required to make these improvements to eliminate any safety concerns. The requirements are enforced by the Department of Conservation and Recreation. Currently the plan is to make the repairs to the emergency spillway at the same time the improvements are made to the dam. Contractors will be onsite this summer to construct a road and replace the culvert over the stream entering from the golf course (north bay). This is necessary to get the heavy equipment to the dam for repairs. The repairs for the dam are not yet scheduled and will likely not be in 2020.

DGIF understands this is going to impair the use of the lake. DGIF staff have already begun discussing temporary improvements so anglers and boaters can access the lake.  DGIF plans to improve access where feasible once the lake is lowered to a safe level for the summer. We also plan to seed the newly-exposed areas around the perimeter of the lake to reduce potential turbidity in the lake and to improve the overall appearance of the property. During these unfortunate circumstances we will strive to do our best to eliminate any inconveniences.

Lake Shenandoah is a 36 acre impoundment owned by the Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. The lake is located in Rockingham County near the City of Harrisonburg. Urban development surrounds much of the lake. Much of the lake is shallow (less than 3 feet) and the maximum depth near the dam is 25 feet. Excessive nutrients entering the lake keep the water green with algal blooms through most of the year. Anglers have the opportunity to catch largemouth bass, bluegill, crappie, common carp, channel catfish and musky from Lake Shenandoah.

Throughout its history Lake Shenandoah has had chronic fisheries problems that can be attributed directly to development in the drainage. A public golf course and expanding residential housing have introduced excessive nutrients and sediments to Lake Shenandoah. The result has been severe negative impacts on fish habitat. Excessive nutrients cause profound algal blooms which alter water quality. Decaying planktonik algae causes all the water in the lake except the upper few feet below the surface to become void of dissolved oxygen during the summer months. Low oxygen levels can suppress aquatic insect populations and stress fish . In addition, shallow water in the upper two arms of the lake with freshly deposited sediments creates poor physical habitat for all fish species. Compounding the problem, prey fish can avoid predators in this shallow water and become overpopulated and “stunted”. The overpopulated bluegill and crappie compete with young bass and catfish for the limited food supply causing poor growth for all fish species.

Currently, biologists are looking into ways to renovate Lake Shenandoah creating suitable habitat for a healthy fish population.

Access Permit Requirement

The Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (DGIF) will require an Access Permit for visitors to department-owned Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) and public fishing lakes, who are age 17 and older, unless they possess a valid Virginia hunting, freshwater fishing, or trapping license, or a current Virginia boat registration. Learn more about the Access Permit.

Maps & Directions

Lake Shenandoah Shoreline Access Trail Notice

Lake Shenandoah lies a few miles east of Harrisonburg in Rockingham County. To get to the lake, take Rt. 33 east out of Harrisonburg, then go south on Rt. 687 to the lake.
Access Site:
Map

Lake_Shenandoah

Fishing Opportunities

Largemouth bass

“Fair” with a good size distribution best describes the largemouth bass population of Lake Shenandoah. In the 1970’s and 1980’s the bass population consisted mainly of fish less than 12 inches in length. The 18 inch minimum-size regulation put into effect in 1989 has worked to restructure the bass population. Largemouth can be found in modest numbers, with fish 9-15″ making up the bulk of the fishery.

Crappie

Black crappie in Lake Shenandoah are severely “stunted”. Few fish over 6″ have been sampled by biologists in recent years. Until the lake can be renovated the crappie population will probably remain unchanged.

Bluegill

Bluegill in Lake Shenandoah are also moderately “stunted” Few fish over 6″ have been collected by biologist in recent years. However, the lake does harbor good numbers of bluegill. Without habitat improvement, the bluegill population will probably remain unchanged.

Channel catfish

The Department annually stocks channel catfish fingerlings in the lake. Some channel catfish are also reproducing naturally. Biologists have had a difficult time collecting catfish from the lake. Lake renovation would also benefit the catfish population. Anglers that fish after dark at Lake Shenandoah have recently reported some good catches of catfish.

Muskellunge

The one bright spot at Lake Shenandoah is the musky fishery. Musky do not naturally reproduce in Lake Shenandoah therefore the Department must stock fingerlings each year. Biologists have sampled musky up to 20 lbs from the lake in recent years. Remember, musky are top predators on the food chain and are never found in large numbers. However, Lake Shenandoah offers anglers a great opportunity to catch a musky. Musky are a “cool-water” fish and are active even during the winter months. Musky are caught from the lake every of the year. Due to the lake’s murky water, anglers should use baits that have a lot of “action”.

Lake Shenandoah Fish Habitat Map

Biologist Reports

Regulations

Largemouth bass

Only one bass over 18 inches total length may be harvested per day. All bass less than 18 inches long must be release.

Crappie

No Daily Creel Limit.

Bluegill/sunfish

No Daily Creel Limit.

Channel catfish

No Daily Creel Limit.

Muskellunge

There is a 40 inch minimum size limit on musky in Lake Shenandoah. Anglers can only harvest musky greater than 40 inches. Anglers can harvest 1 musky per day.

General

Gasoline motors, swimming, wading, ice skating, hunting, trapping, camping, organized fishing tournaments, and alcoholic beverages are prohibited. Fishing is permitted from 1 hour before sunrise to 1 hour after sunset. All other activities shall be conducted only during daylight hours. Fishing regulations shall conform to general statewide regulations unless otherwise posted.

Facilities

Lake Shenandoah Shoreline Access Trail Notice

Lake Shenandoah has a large gravel parking lot and a paved boat ramp w/ courtesy dock. Almost the entire perimeter of the lake is accessible for shoreline angling.

Baits, Boats and Bobbers is the concessionaire at Lake Shenandoah. They sale bait and tackle for fishing, snacks, and also have kayak rentals.

More Information

For more information about Lake Shenandoah contact:

Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries
517 Lee Highway P.O. Box 996
Verona, VA 24482
(540) 248-9360

For more information about Rockingham County:

Rockingham County Chamber of Commerce
(540) 434-3862