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Atlantic Coast Slimy Salamander

Fact File

Scientific Name: Plethodon chlorobryonis

Classification: Amphibian

Size: Up to 8 inches

Distribution: This species reaches the northern extent of its range in southeastern Virginia where it inhabits a variety of forested habitats from mixed pine-hardwood forests to upland areas bordering cypress swamps. Optimal habitat is moist soil with a thick ground layer of leaf litter.

Identifying Characteristics

The body is black to bluish black with numerous white to yellowish spots on the back and sides. Spotting on the sides is more abundant than other species of slimy salamanders in Virginia.

Did You Know?

Salamanders have the remarkable ability to regenerate limbs and tails, along with some sections of the heart and brain.

Role in the Web of Life

Often found under moist rotting logs. Activity occurs year round except during extreme periods of drought or cold when they retreat underground. Like other species of slimy salamanders, mating occurs primarily in the fall with a secondary event in the spring. Females may deposit up to three dozen eggs in late spring and will remain with the eggs until hatching occurs in late summer.

Conservation

Species appears to be secure in Virginia.

Last updated: February 22, 2021