Scientific Name: Ambystoma tigrinum
- State Endangered in Virginia
- Species of Greatest Conservation Need-Tier 2a on the Virginia Wildlife Action Plan
Size: Up to 12 inches
Life Span: These special can live 25 years as aquatic adults and 16 years as terrestrial adults
Tiger Salamanders have robust bodies and large heads. Adults are bluish gray to nearly black with irregularly shaped yellowish spots that turn into bars on the tail. Bellies are olive yellow to cream with faint dark smudges. Larvae are gray to olive with black smudges and a white belly.
Did You Know?
This is the only species of mole salamander that creates its own burrow.
Role in the Web of Life
Movement to ponds occurs during cold winter rains. Females lay 5–122 eggs in loose gelatinous clusters attached to vegetation stems in water. Larvae consume invertebrates and larvae of other salamanders. Adults eat worms, other invertebrates, and small rodents. Larvae are eaten by larvae of predaceous insects. Watersnakes and wading birds take adults.
State Endangered, Tier II Species of Greatest Conservation Need in Virginia’s Wildlife Action Plan.
Last updated: August 19, 2023
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