Skip to Main Content

Fowler’s Toad

Fact File

Scientific Name: Anaxyrus fowleri

Classification: Amphibian

Size: 2-3 inches in length.

Identifying Characteristics

This is a small- to medium-sized toad with 3 or more warts in each large dorsal blotch, no enlarged warts on the legs, chest and belly with no spots, and a paratoid gland (the enlarged bump behind each eye) that touches the ridge on the forehead (see page 9). The dorsal coloration is usually brownish or gray, occasionally greenish or brick red, with usually a light mid-dorsal stripe. Normally the belly is unspotted, but there is frequently a single dusky spot on the breast.


This toad occurs statewide in Virginia and is especially abundant in the Coastal Plain region. This species inhabits sandy areas near lakes or in river valleys.

Did You Know?

Fowler’s Toads can orient themselves by using both olfactory cues (smell) and the sun.

Last updated: January 19, 2024

The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources Species Profile Database serves as a repository of information for Virginia’s fish and wildlife species. The database is managed and curated by the Wildlife Information and Environmental Services (WIES) program. Species profile data, distribution information, and photography is generated by the Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources, State and Federal agencies, Collection Permittees, and other trusted partners. This product is not suitable for legal, engineering, or surveying use. The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources does not accept responsibility for any missing data, inaccuracies, or other errors which may exist. In accordance with the terms of service for this product, you agree to this disclaimer.