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Green Salamander

Fact File

Scientific Name: Aneides aeneus

Classification: Amphibian

Conservation Status:

Size: Up to 5.5 inches

Identifying Characteristics

The body and head are flattened with numerous green to yellowish green markings that resemble lichens. No other salamander in Virginia has green markings. The legs are long with splayed feet and squared toes, which are useful for climbing rocks and tree trunks.


This species is restricted to the Northern Cumberland Mountain and Northern Ridge and Valley ecoregions of southwest Virginia. They are closely associated with moist crevices in rocky outcrops. Although they are occasionally found in trees, their arboreal behavior is poorly understood.

Did You Know?

This salamander has been observed active in all months of the year and at temperatures as low as 31°F.

Role in the Web of Life

Green Salamanders typically hunt insects on cool, rainy nights. Mating occurs in May and June. Females deposit 10–27 eggs attaching them to the roof of damp, horizontal rock crevices. Hatchlings emerge 3–5 weeks later. When handled, it’s not uncommon for them to drop part of their tail as a defensive response.


Tier II Species of Greatest Conservation Need in Virginia’s Wildlife Action Plan.

Last updated: January 22, 2024

The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources Species Profile Database serves as a repository of information for Virginia’s fish and wildlife species. The database is managed and curated by the Wildlife Information and Environmental Services (WIES) program. Species profile data, distribution information, and photography is generated by the Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources, State and Federal agencies, Collection Permittees, and other trusted partners. This product is not suitable for legal, engineering, or surveying use. The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources does not accept responsibility for any missing data, inaccuracies, or other errors which may exist. In accordance with the terms of service for this product, you agree to this disclaimer.