Scientific Name: Ambystoma jeffersonianum
- Species of Greatest Conservation Need-Tier 4a on the Virginia Wildlife Action Plan
Size: Up to 7 inches
Adults are uniform brown to gray on the back with small bluish to silver flecks usually confined to the legs and lower sides of the body. The belly is light gray. Larvae are olive green with yellow flecks on the tail fin. Metamorphs and juveniles are gray above and have white bellies.
Did You Know?
Unlike other mole salamanders, Jefferson Salamanders engage in an amplexus-like reproductive behavior.
Role in the Web of Life
Breeding takes place in ephemeral wetlands in winter with males arriving first. Females lay 140–200 eggs in one or more, clear, gelatinous masses attached to vegetation stems. Larvae hide under leaves and emerge at night to feed on small invertebrates. Adults also feed on invertebrates. Predators include raccoons, shrews, and skunks.
Tier IV Species of Greatest Conservation Need in Virginia’s Wildlife Action Plan.
Last updated: February 22, 2021