Scientific Name: Stereochilus marginatus
- Species of Greatest Conservation Need-Tier 4a on the Virginia Wildlife Action Plan
Size: Up to 4.5 inches
These are slender brownish to yellowish salamanders with many thin, dark lines along the sides. Hatchlings emerge with external gills and spend 1–2 years as larvae before transforming into adults. Recently emerged hatchlings are dark red with yellow spots on the body and tail fins. Older larvae are similar in appearance to the adults.
Did You Know?
Many-lined Salamanders can aestivate in the substrate in cavities they make when their wetland dries out.
Role in the Web of Life
Breeding and egg laying occur in the fall. Females deposit 16–121 eggs under moist logs and in sphagnum mats. Hatching occurs in late March and April. They eat a variety of small invertebrates, including small freshwater clams.
Tier IV Species of Greatest Conservation Need in Virginia’s Wildlife Action Plan.
Last updated: February 22, 2021