Mid-Atlantic Coast Leopard Frog

Fact File

Scientific Name: Lithobates kauffeldi

Classification: Amphibian

Size: Up to 3.5 inches

Distribution: Found throughout much of southeastern Virginia westward towards the I-95 corridor with only one record on the Eastern Shore. More of a habitat specialist than the Coastal Plains Leopard Frog as it appears to favor riparian habitats, particularly cypress-gum swamps.

Identifying Characteristics

Similar in appearance to the Coastal Plains Leopard Frog, but with a more muted pattern. The white spot on the tympanum is often absent or barely noticeable. Dorsolateral folds are not as visually prominent and the snout is more rounded than in the Coastal Plains Leopard Frog. Although not always a diagnosable characteristic, the pattern on the inner thigh is usually mottled white or yellowish-green on a black background.

Did You Know?

This species wasn’t described until 2014 and was first confirmed as occurring in Virginia in 2017.

Role in the Web of Life

This species breeds primarily from mid- February-April. Fall breeding events have not been documented in Virginia, but most likely do occur. Their advertisement call is a series of quacks similar to the Wood Frog’s call. Hybridization with the Coastal Plains Leopard Frog can occur in areas where their distributions overlap.


Species appears to be secure in Virginia.

Last updated: March 23, 2021