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Mid-Atlantic Coast Leopard Frog

Fact File

Scientific Name: Lithobates kauffeldi

Classification: Amphibian

Size: Up to 3.5 inches

Identifying Characteristics

Similar in appearance to the Coastal Plains Leopard Frog, but with a more muted pattern. The white spot on the tympanum is often absent or barely noticeable. Dorsolateral folds are not as visually prominent and the snout is more rounded than in the Coastal Plains Leopard Frog. Although not always a diagnosable characteristic, the pattern on the inner thigh is usually mottled white or yellowish-green on a black background.


Found throughout much of southeastern Virginia westward towards the I-95 corridor with only one record on the Eastern Shore. More of a habitat specialist than the Coastal Plains Leopard Frog as it appears to favor riparian habitats, particularly cypress-gum swamps.

Did You Know?

This species wasn’t described until 2014 and was first confirmed as occurring in Virginia in 2017.

Role in the Web of Life

This species breeds primarily from mid- February-April. Fall breeding events have not been documented in Virginia, but most likely do occur. Their advertisement call is a series of quacks similar to the Wood Frog’s call. Hybridization with the Coastal Plains Leopard Frog can occur in areas where their distributions overlap.


Species appears to be secure in Virginia.

Last updated: January 22, 2024

The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources Species Profile Database serves as a repository of information for Virginia’s fish and wildlife species. The database is managed and curated by the Wildlife Information and Environmental Services (WIES) program. Species profile data, distribution information, and photography is generated by the Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources, State and Federal agencies, Collection Permittees, and other trusted partners. This product is not suitable for legal, engineering, or surveying use. The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources does not accept responsibility for any missing data, inaccuracies, or other errors which may exist. In accordance with the terms of service for this product, you agree to this disclaimer.