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Northern Slimy Salamander

Fact File

Scientific Name: Plethodon glutinosus

Classification: Amphibian

Size: Up to 8 inches

Identifying Characteristics

The body is black to dark bluish black with numerous white to silvery white flecks. Larger flecks may appear alongside the body. The belly is grayish black with no markings. Sexually matured males have prominent circular mental glands under the chin.


Found in cool, moist forests of the Northern Ridge and Valley ecoregion from Highland County south to the Northern and Southern Cumberland Mountains ecoregions of southwest Virginia.

Did You Know?

The slimy salamander complex was once considered a single species, but there are now 10 species recognized in the Southeast.

Role in the Web of Life

Slimy salamanders are most active just after sunset when conditions are suitable. They will feed on a variety of insects and other invertebrates, and occasionally smaller salamanders. Mating typically occurs in the fall with females producing an average clutch size of 23 eggs in late spring or early summer. Hatching occurs 2–3 months later, but hatchlings will not appear on the surface for another 2–3 months.


Species appears to be secure in Virginia.

Last updated: February 22, 2021

The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources Species Profile Database serves as a repository of information for Virginia’s fish and wildlife species. The database is managed and curated by the Wildlife Information and Environmental Services (WIES) program. Species profile data, distribution information, and photography is generated by the Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources, State and Federal agencies, Collection Permittees, and other trusted partners. This product is not suitable for legal, engineering, or surveying use. The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources does not accept responsibility for any missing data, inaccuracies, or other errors which may exist. In accordance with the terms of service for this product, you agree to this disclaimer.