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Northern Slimy Salamander

Fact File

Scientific Name: Plethodon glutinosus

Classification: Amphibian

Size: Up to 8 inches

Distribution: Found in cool, moist forests of the Northern Ridge and Valley ecoregion from Highland County south to the Northern and Southern Cumberland Mountains ecoregions of southwest Virginia.

Identifying Characteristics

The body is black to dark bluish black with numerous white to silvery white flecks. Larger flecks may appear alongside the body. The belly is grayish black with no markings. Sexually matured males have prominent circular mental glands under the chin.

Did You Know?

The slimy salamander complex was once considered a single species, but there are now 10 species recognized in the Southeast.

Role in the Web of Life

Slimy salamanders are most active just after sunset when conditions are suitable. They will feed on a variety of insects and other invertebrates, and occasionally smaller salamanders. Mating typically occurs in the fall with females producing an average clutch size of 23 eggs in late spring or early summer. Hatching occurs 2–3 months later, but hatchlings will not appear on the surface for another 2–3 months.

Conservation

Species appears to be secure in Virginia.

Last updated: February 22, 2021