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Due to exceptionally dry conditions, the Department of Wildlife Resources has implemented a complete ban on any open burning (e.g., campfires, grills) on all DWR properties west of Interstate 95, effective immediately and lasting until further notice.

Pungo white-footed mouse

Fact File

Scientific Name: Peromyscus leucopus easti

Classification: Mammalia, Order Rodentia, Family Cricetidae

Distribution: This subspecies was not listed until 1960, and probably occurs from the region of Cape Henry, Virginia south along the barrier beach to Oregon Inlet, North Carolina. Within its range, this subspecies is apparently confined to the marshes and sandy flats back of the dunes. It inhabits thickets of myrtle and poison ivy at the marsh edge behind the dunes and is the common “house mouse” in beachfront dwellings.

Identifying Characteristics

This is a medium sized mouse with a sparsely haired tail that is less than half the total length. It has a total length of 162-180 mm, and a weight of 16-28 grams. The upperparts of the species are a pale brown with a reddish wash on the flanks; its belly and feet are white. This subspecies is distinguished from P. l. leucopus and P. l. easti by having a reddish, rather than yellowish, wash on the flanks. They have several litters between March and October of 4-5 young/litter. They are preyed upon extensively by owls, hawks, foxes, and weasels. Population density ranges from 4-12 per acre, and it is known to live 2-3 years in the wild.

Last updated: August 18, 2023

The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources Species Profile Database serves as a repository of information for Virginia’s fish and wildlife species. The database is managed and curated by the Wildlife Information and Environmental Services (WIES) program. Species profile data, distribution information, and photography is generated by the Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources, State and Federal agencies, Collection Permittees, and other trusted partners. This product is not suitable for legal, engineering, or surveying use. The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources does not accept responsibility for any missing data, inaccuracies, or other errors which may exist. In accordance with the terms of service for this product, you agree to this disclaimer.