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Roanoke Logperch

Fact File

Scientific Name: Percina rex

Classification: Fish, Order Perciformes, Family Percidae

Conservation Status:

  • Federally Endangered in the U.S.
  • State Endangered in Virginia
  • SGCN Tier IIa: The Virginia 2015 Wildlife Action Plan lists Roanoke Logperch as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need (SGCN) in Tier II, with a conservation opportunity ranking of "a"

Size: Up to 6 inches

Life Span: Average 5-6 years

Identifying Characteristics

  • Moderately long, pig-like snout
  • Round or vertically elongate lateral blotches on the body
  • Strongly patterned fins
  • Emarginate or truncated caudal (tail) fin


Roanoke Logperch populations within Virginia are endemic to the Roanoke and Chowan watersheds, located in the southern portion of the state.

Known distribution of Roanoke Logperch (Percina rex)


Roanoke Logperch consume an array of benthic macroinvertebrates. In addition to opportunistic feeding, Roanoke Logperch will actively hunt for prey items by turning over rocks and other substrate materials.

Video Source: ©Madison Cogar – Virginia DWR


Like other darters, Roanoke Logperch are benthic (bottom-dwelling), and specialize in using the interstitial spaces between cobble for protective cover and opportunistic feeding. Roanoke Logperch require clean-flowing water and are considered an indicator species of overall watershed health, as their required habitat is degraded by erosion and siltation.

Video Source: ©Madison Cogar – Virginia DWR

Special Considerations

It is illegal to target Roanoke Logperch by angling. The Roanoke Logperch is listed as an endangered species under federal and Virginia law. It is a violation of state and federal law to harass, harm, or take any Roanoke Logperch.

For the definitions of take, harass, and harm, see 4 VAC 15-20-140.

Last updated: May 14, 2024

The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources Species Profile Database serves as a repository of information for Virginia’s fish and wildlife species. The database is managed and curated by the Wildlife Information and Environmental Services (WIES) program. Species profile data, distribution information, and photography is generated by the Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources, State and Federal agencies, Collection Permittees, and other trusted partners. This product is not suitable for legal, engineering, or surveying use. The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources does not accept responsibility for any missing data, inaccuracies, or other errors which may exist. In accordance with the terms of service for this product, you agree to this disclaimer.