Scientific Name: Plethodon shenandoah
- Species of Greatest Conservation Need-Tier 1a on the Virginia Wildlife Action Plan
- Federal Endangered, State Endangered
Size: Up to 4 inches
The body is black to dark brown with a narrow reddish or yellowish stripe that extends from the base of the head to the tail. However, the stripe may not always be present. Belly is uniformly black. Easily confused for an Eastern Red-backed Salamander, which has a salt-and-pepper pattern on the belly.
Did You Know?
This is one of the most range restricted tetrapod (four feet) vertebrates in the world only occupying a maximum potential range of 800 acres.
Role in the Web of Life
It is believed they reach sexual maturity at approximately three years of age. Females produce an average clutch size of 13 eggs every other year in late spring or early summer. Adults and juveniles prey on a wide variety of invertebrates.
Federally and State Endangered. Tier I Species of Greatest Conservation Need in Virginia’s Wildlife Action Plan.
Last updated: February 22, 2021