Scientific Name: Ambystoma maculatum
Size: Up to 9 inches
This is a black, robust salamander with yellow to orange spots on its head, body, and tail. Adult bellies are gray. Juveniles are uniformly gray; spots appear when they get older. Larvae are brown to gray with a line of small, yellow spots on each side. Spotted Salamander larvae are almost identical to Marbled Salamander larvae, but have tiny black dots on the white throat.
Did You Know?
In southern populations, juveniles may take 2–3 years to reach sexual maturity.
Role in the Web of Life
Adults emerge from underground retreats in late- winter. Males move to breeding ponds first, then females. Clear or opaque gelatinous masses containing up to about 250 eggs are attached to stems in the water. The incubation period is relatively long lasting 4–7 weeks. Adults and larvae eat a wide variety of invertebrates.
Species appears to be secure in Virginia.
Last updated: August 19, 2023
The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources Species Profile Database serves as a repository of information for Virginia’s fish and wildlife species. The database is managed and curated by the Wildlife Information and Environmental Services (WIES) program. Species profile data, distribution information, and photography is generated by the Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources, State and Federal agencies, Collection Permittees, and other trusted partners. This product is not suitable for legal, engineering, or surveying use. The Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources does not accept responsibility for any missing data, inaccuracies, or other errors which may exist. In accordance with the terms of service for this product, you agree to this disclaimer.