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Three-Lined Salamander

Fact File

Scientific Name: Eurycea guttolineata

Classification: Amphibian

Size: Up to 8 inches

Distribution: In Virginia, the distribution is best approximated as east of Interstate 81. Three-lined Salamanders are usually found under rocks or logs along the banks of forested streams, or their floodplains. In the Coastal Plain, they are often found under logs and other cover objects around swamps and seeps.

Identifying Characteristics

This is a yellowish salamander with three dark lines going down the body; one on the back and one down each side and extending onto the tail. The tail can be half to two-thirds of its total length. The belly is light colored with large dark mottling.

Did You Know?

This is one of the few salamander species that has not been found to be territorial.

Role in the Web of Life

These nocturnal salamanders prey upon a variety of invertebrates. Mating probably occurs in the fall and early winter. Females are believed to lay approximately a dozen eggs singly in streams and swamps, but do not remain with the eggs. Eggs hatch in the spring and larvae metamorphose in late summer or early fall.

Conservation

Species appears to be secure in Virginia.

Last updated: February 9, 2021