Scientific Name: Plethodon hoffmani
Size: Up to 5.4 inches
This is an elongated salamander with short legs. The body is brown to brownish black with numerous small whitish specks with a tail that is more than 50% of the total length. Throat is white and the belly is black with a mottled white and brown pattern. A rare striped morph occurs in the Reddish Knob and Shenandoah Mountain region.
Did You Know?
The large tail serves for fat storage providing a source of energy while they are underground.
Role in the Web of Life
Mostly active in the spring and fall months with only a small portion of the population occurring above ground. Mating occurs primarily in the spring with a secondary event in the fall. Females deposit 3-8 eggs. Hatching occurs in August or September, but hatchlings do not emerge from underground retreats until the following spring. Adults eat a wide variety of invertebrates.
Species appears to be secure in Virginia.
Last updated: February 22, 2021