Elk Hunting is Closed in Buchanan, Dickenson, and Wise Counties.
In All Areas Outside of Buchanan, Dickenson, and Wise Counties:
Any elk (bull, cow, or calf) can be taken on any day of an open deer season (archery, muzzleloader, or firearms) in the county/locality in which the individual is hunting. Legal weapons for taking elk coincide with legal weapons for deer during that specific season except that elk may not be taken with a slingbow or air rifle.
Checking requirements for elk are the same as those for deer, but the animal should be checked in as an elk. Successful elk hunters must contact the Department at (804) 367-0044 to schedule a time for collection of biological samples. This number is ONLY intended for making arrangements for tissue sample collection from harvested elk. It is illegal to destroy the sex identity of any harvested elk until checked. Elk may be dismembered to pack it out of the place of kill but the sex and all parts of the carcass (except internal organs) must be present when the elk is checked.
- The taking of an elk counts toward a hunter’s daily and seasonal bag limits for deer.
- Only one elk per day may be taken statewide.
- An animal with antlers above the hairline counts toward a hunter’s either-sex (buck) deer limit.
- An animal without antlers counts toward a hunter’s daily and seasonal antlerless deer limit.
- Elk cannot be harvested on DPOP, DMAP, or DCAP tags.